Are you a Voter?

Zambians participate in elections by registering as voters and then voting on election day.


Voting is the act of casting a ballot on polling day. Voting in Zambia is carried out on a one person, one vote basis. It is done through secret ballot. This means that no other person should know whom another person has voted for. In a tripartite election like the 2011 elections, Voters are expected to vote for Presidential, National Assembly and Local Government candidates on the same day at the same time.

Voting Procedure

Voting takes place at the polling station. Polling stations open at 06.00 hours and close at 18:00 hours. If the polling station opens late the time lost will be added to the closing time. People who have joined the queue by 18:00 hours will be allowed to vote (until the queue is exhausted). A voter must vote at the polling station appearing or shown on that person’s voter’s card.

During polling day, a voter should do the following:

Step 1 – Preparing to go to the polling station – A voter must take to the polling station the following documents:

Step 2 – At the polling station – upon arriving at the polling station:

Step 3 – Inside the polling station – In the polling station there are several tables. At each table you are issued with different instructions and materials. In order to vote you must follow the listed procedures.

Polling Station Layout

Step 4 – After being issued with ballot papers - the voter goes to a polling booth to mark on the ballot paper an X against the candidate of their choice. They fold each marked ballot paper separately and slot each ballot paper into the appropriate ballot box. The ballot boxes are transparent.

For your ballot paper to be accepted do not do the following:



Sample Ballot


Spoilt ballot paper

A voter, who accidentally spoils or tears the ballot paper such that it cannot be used as a valid ballot paper, may ask the Presiding Officer for another ballot paper. If the Presiding Officer is satisfied that the ballot paper was spoilt accidentally, the Presiding Officer/Assistant Presiding Officer shall instruct the Polling Assistant issuing ballot papers, to issue another ballot paper to the voter.


Secrecy of the vote

An election by secret ballot is where voting by each person is done on a ballot paper which does not identify who the voter is. For example, when we elect the President, Members of Parliament and
Councillors, we use ballot papers. We mark the ballot paper in a booth where nobody else can see whom we are voting for. We do not write our names on the ballot paper. Then we fold the ballot paper and put it in a ballot box (sealed box). So the candidate we vote for is our secret.


Procedures for assisting people with special needs 

These are people who require particular attention or assistance to vote. They include:

People with special needs should follow these procedures:

The person helping someone with special needs should: